causes of pain

Pain in legs and feet are commonly caused by either:


Genetic Foot Disorders

There are strong hereditary links to the following foot disorders:

  1. Bunion or deviation of big toe (Hallux Valgus, Hallux Rigidus or Hallux Limitus)
  2. High arched foot (cavus foot)
  3. Hypermobility and joint instability
  4. Claw toes massage feet
  5. Hammer toes
  6. Flat feet (Excessively pronated foot)
  7. Knock knees
  8. Calluses
  9. Poor posture
  10. Pain under the ball of the foot (Metatarsalgia)
  11. Leg length discrepancy
  12. Ankle instability

Injury Related Foot Complaints

Your feet are required to absorb all the heavy impacts of jumping and running and occasionally we can contribute to longer lasting problems.  The forces in your feet vary significantly with activity.  It is not surprising therefore that occasionally we put our poor feet under too much stress and something goes OUCH!

Here is an illustration of the stress imact forces experienced by your feet in normal activities: foot lateral view

  • Walking = 1.5 x your body weight
  • Jogging/Running = 2-4 x body weight
  • Jumping/Landing = 6-9 x body weight

These are common foot complaints that occur through mechanical injury or overuse:

  1. Complex sports injury involving knee pain
  2. Shin splints
  3. Recurrent calf pain
  4. Stress fracture
  5. Ankle instability
  6. Overuse syndrome
  7. Heel pain from prolonged walking/standing (postal worker, police officer, nurse or doctor)
  8. Achilles-tendonitis
  9. Plantar-fasciitis footposturecomparison
  10. Tib-post tendonitis
  11. Tenosynovitis
  12. Heel spur
  13. Severs Disease
  14. Morton’s Neuroma
  15. Lower back pain
  16. Aching legs

Foot Dysfunction as result of Disease

Diabetes Mellitus can result in:

  • A loss of sensation in feet
  • Ankle instability
  • Reduced healing
  • High risk of rubbing from footwear
  • Bony deformity and joint mal-alignment

Rheumatiod Arthritis:

  • Painful inflamed joints
  • Limited movement at ankle
  • Ankle instability
  • Painful feet
  • Bony deformity and joint mal-alignment

Degenerative disease of muscular-skeletal system:

  • Ankle and foot instability
  • Foot pain
  • Knee pain and instability
  • Joint mal-alignment

Vascular disease:

  • Swelling of feet
  • Cramps
  • Painful feet
  • Risk of rubbing